Results: Mir-9-1, a precursor of miR-9, was hypermethylated in 43% (37/87) of the HCC find protocol tissues; and miR-9
was down regulated in 43% (17/40) of the HCC tissues. Ectopic expression of miR-9 could restrain the migration, proliferation and colony formation efficiency of HCC cells in vitro. Four novel direct miR-9 targets (CKAP2, IL-6, TC10, and HSPC159) were identified. The ectopic expression of IL-6 was able to reverse the tumor-suppressor property of miR-9 through the activation of Jak-STAT3 pathway and the subsequent up-regulation of SOCS1 and VEGFA. Conclusions: Our study identified the frequent pro-moter-hypermethylation and down expression of miR-9 in HCC. IL-6 is confirmed as a novel target of miR-9 and miR-9 may exert its tumor suppressive capacity through the miR-9/IL-6/Jak-STAT3 pathway. Disclosures: The following people have nothing to disclose: Jiangbo Zhang, Yongfeng Wang, Xiangmei Chen, Fengmin Lu Introduction: Immunity is involved in antitumor defense. Tumor necrosis induced by hyperthermia could elicit an immunogenic cell death and stimulate the immune system by releasing Damage-associated Molecular Pattern molecules. Our hypothesis is that immune system against dying cells could mediate a decrease of tumor recurrence. In order to analyze the systemic immune response before and after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of hepatocellular
carcinoma (HCC) and the correlation with tumor relapse, we have performed a pilot exploratory prospective study. Material and methods: since January 2011, Barasertib manufacturer we have consecutively included all voluntary patients treated by a first RFA for solitary HCC of less than 5 cm (BCLC 0/A) developed on compensated cirrhosis in our institution. We collected additional blood samples (21 ml) the day before RFA (D0), at day 1 (D1) and day 30 (D30) in order to study immune cells and perform phenotypic and functional analysis of NK cells, dendritic cells and T lymphocytes. Statistical analysis was performed using paired non-parametric Wilcoxon test. Results: 123 blood samples of 43 patients 上海皓元医药股份有限公司 were analyzed. The success rates of immune cells collection were 26% at D0, 20%
at D1 and 1 8% at D30, the phenotypic analysis was performed on 95 samples of 31 patients (77%) and the functional analysis on 53 samples of 22 patients (50 %). At D1, we observed an increase of T regulatory lymphocytes (P=0.02), a decrease of plasmocytic dendritic cell (P=0.0013), an increase of NK CD56 dim cells (P=0.04) and a decrease of NK CD56 bright cells (P=0.02). All these early changes were transient, since a return at the baseline phenotype was observed at D30. We also characterized surface marker of cell activation: NKG2D decreased at D1 then returned to baseline levels at D30 in T (P=0.0001) and NK cells (P=0.001); NKP46 decreased from D1 to D30 (P=0.0020) on NK cells. CD69 decreased at D1 on T cells (P=0.0066) and increased at D30 (P=0.04) on NK cells.