We derive analytical approximations for the ISI density and ISI s

We derive analytical approximations for the ISI density and ISI serial correlation coefficient for both cases. For fast fluctuations and deterministic adaptation, the ISI density is well approximated by an inverse Gaussian (IG) and the ISI correlations are negative. In marked contrast, for stochastic adaptation, the density is more peaked and has a heavier tail than an IG density and the serial correlations are positive. A numerical study of the mixed case where both fast fluctuations and adaptation channel noise are present reveals a

smooth transition between the analytically tractable limiting cases. Our conclusions are furthermore supported by numerical simulations of a biophysically more realistic Hodgkin-Huxley type model. Our results could be used to infer the dominant

source of noise Dinaciclib in neurons from their ISI statistics.”
“Self-assembled Pt nanostructures, which are formed by evaporation and subsequent diffusion limited aggregation of Pt on graphite, have been studied by photoemission and scanning electron microscopy. Adsorption of CO has been studied by temperature programmed desorption. Charge induced Pt 4f core level shifts in the order of 1 eV that depend on the effective dimensions of the nanostructures have been observed, and effective dimensions of the Pt structures have been defined based on the Pt 4f core level shifts. The effective dimensions of the Pt structures have been correlated with changes in the thermal desorption of adsorbed CO. It is observed that smaller effective dimensions in the few nanometer range result in lower desorption temperatures of up to 50 K. The possible role of hot electrons CCI-779 cell line CUDC-907 in the adsorption process has been discussed. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3596572]“
“We examined the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in a sample of Brazilian women presenting normal cervical cytology. Possible interactions between patient characteristics and

HPV infection were analyzed in order to provide background data to improve cervical cancer screening and prophylaxis. Cervical samples of 399 women, received for routine evaluation in the Health Department of Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil, were subjected to HPV-DNA testing by PCR with MY09/11 primers. HPV-positive specimens were typed by RFLP. A structured epidemiological questionnaire was administered to each woman. HPV prevalence among these cytologically normal women was 11%. Twelve viral types were detected, the most common being HPV-16, -6, -61, -83, and -66. HPV was more prevalent in younger women; high-risk viral types were detected in 61% of the infected women and 27% of the infected women had multiple HPV infections. Significant associations of HPV infection were found with age, literacy, residence, marital status, lifetime number of sexual partners, and parity. We detected a great diversity of HPV types in women with normal cytology.

In this paper,

we investigate the effects of these large

In this paper,

we investigate the effects of these large electronic thermal excitations on the ultrafast thermoelectric transport properties of gold, a characteristic noble metal. Under conditions of strong electron-phonon nonequilibrium (relatively high electron temperatures and relatively low lattice temperatures, T(e) >> T(L)), we find that the Wiedemann-Franz law breaks down and the Seebeck coefficient is massively enhanced. Although we perform representative calculations for Au, these results are expected to be similar for the other noble metals (Ag and Cu) due to the characteristic large d-band separation from the Fermi energy. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3511341]“
“PURPOSE: To compare endothelial cell loss in cataract surgery by phacoemulsification and by Z-VAD-FMK order manual small-incision cataract surgery (SICS).

SETTINGS: Tertiary care ophthalmic center, India.

METHODS: A complete

ophthalmologic examination and endothelial specular microscopy were performed preoperatively and 1 and 6 weeks postoperatively in patients having cataract surgery. The endothelial cell count (ECC) was calculated manually and automatically using an LSM 12000 specular microscope. Patients were randomly allocated to have SICS or phacoemulsification using a random number table. Phacoemulsification was Selleck AZD6738 performed using the stop-and-chop technique and SICS, by viscoexpression.

RESULTS: The study evaluated 200 patients, 100 in each group. The mean preoperative ECC by the manual counting method find more was 2950.7 cells/mm(2) in the phacoemulsification group and 2852.5 cells/mm(2) in the SICS group and by the automated counting method, 3053.7 cells/mm(2) and 2975.3 cells/mm(2), respectively. The difference at 6 weeks was 543.4 cells/mm(2) and 505.9

cells/mm(2), respectively, by the manual method (P = .44) and 474.2 cells/mm(2) and 456.1 cells/mm(2), respectively, by the automated method (P = .98). The corrected distance visual acuity at 6 weeks was better than 6/18 in 98.5% of eyes in the phacoemulsification group and 97.3% of eyes in the SICS group.

CONCLUSION: There were no clinically or statistically significant differences in ECC loss or visual acuity between phacoemulsification and SICS, although there was a small difference in the astigmatic shift.”
“In this article, isothermal crystallization, melting behaviors, and spherulitic morphologies of high-impact multiblock copolymers, comprising of PBS as hard segment and poly(1,2-propylene succinate) (PPSu) as soft segment with hexamethylene diisocyanate as a chain extender, were investigated. The results from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) suggest that the two segments of multiblock copolymers are miscible in amorphous region. The crystallization kinetics were analyzed by the Avrami equation.

However, because our results did not show any improvement

However, because our results did not show any improvement HSP phosphorylation in seizure susceptibility in prenatally MA-exposed animals that were fostered by control mothers (MA/C) relative to their siblings fostered by MA-treated mothers (MA/MA), our hypothesis of the cross-fostering effect seems

to be incorrect in contrast to our behavioral studies. (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Gemcitabine-associated thrombotic microangiopathy is being increasingly recognized as a serious complication of treatment. We report a normotensive patient who developed progressive hypertension after commencing gemcitabine therapy. She also developed subtle changes in her platelet count and serum creatinine months before her emergent presentation. Clinicians should be aware of new onset or worsening hypertension and ‘mild’ biochemical changes in gemcitabine-treated patients.”
“The solid equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) process on polypropylene (PP)/organic montmorillonite (OMMT) was carried out. Scanning electron microscopy, NVP-LDE225 polarized optical microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction were used to observe and characterize the samples structures. Experimental results show that both PP spherulites and OMMT particles were significantly deformed

and orientated toward the shearing direction, and OMMT agglomeration particles were broken into needle-like primary particles, some even exfoliated into nanosilicate layers after twice ECAE processes due to the immense solid shear force. This solid process

approach introduces a new way to prepare PP/OMMT nanocomposites. The mechanism of exfoliation between PP and OMMT was also discussed. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, selleck screening library Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 123: 2222-2227, 2012″
“Introduction and objectives: The available information regarding blood pressure control in women is scarce. This study was aimed at assessing blood pressure control and predictors of a lack of blood pressure control in the primary care setting in a large sample of hypertensive women.

Methods: Women aged 65 years or older with an established diagnosis of hypertension (>= 6 months of evolution) were included in a cross-sectional, multicenter study. Blood pressure readings were taken following the current guidelines, and the value for each visit was the average of two separate measurements. Adequate blood pressure control was defined as <140/90 mmHg (<130/80 mmHg for diabetics).

Results: A total of 4274 hypertensive women (mean age: 73.6 years [6.1 years]) were included in the study; blood pressure was controlled in 29.8% (95% confidence interval: 28.4%-31.1%) of the study population. Combined therapy was administered in 67.6% of patients (46.3% with 2 drugs and 21.7% with 3 or more drugs). The most common organ damage was left ventricular hypertrophy (33.8%) and the most common associated condition was heart failure (19%).

By comparing the results of the PC and photoluminescence, we conf

By comparing the results of the PC and photoluminescence, we confirmed that the activation

energy of 82.7 meV at high temperatures is related to the dissociation energy of donor level due to Se vacancies. Consequently, we suggest that in photoconductive CGS layers, the trapping center due to native defects and impurities limits the PC signal with decreasing temperature. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3399770]“
“Background: Angelman syndrome is a rare neurogenetic disorder that results in intellectual and developmental disturbances, seizures, jerky movements BAY 57-1293 research buy and frequent smiling. Angelman syndrome is caused by two genetic disturbances: either genes on the maternally inherited chromosome 15

are deleted or inactivated or two paternal copies of the corresponding genes are inherited (paternal uniparental disomy). A 16-month-old child was referred with minor facial anomalies, neurodevelopmental delay and speech impairment. The clinical symptoms suggested angelman syndrome. The aim of our study was to elucidate the genetic background of this case.

Results: This study reports the earliest diagnosed angelman syndrome in a 16-month-old Hungarian child. Cytogenetic results suggested a de novo Robertsonian-like translocation involving both q arms of chromosome 15: 45,XY,der(15;15)(q10;q10). Molecular genetic studies with polymorphic short tandem repeat markers of the fibrillin-1 www.selleckchem.com/products/blu-285.html gene, located in the 15q21.1, revealed that both arms of the translocated 8-Bromo-cAMP molecular weight chromosome were derived from a single paternal chromosome 15 (isodisomy) and led to the diagnosis of angelman syndrome caused by paternal uniparental disomy.

Conclusions: AS resulting from paternal uniparental disomy caused by de novo balanced translocation t(15q;15q) of a single paternal chromosome has been reported by other groups. This paper reviews 19 previously published comparable cases of the literature. Our paper contributes to the deeper understanding of the phenotype-genotype correlation in angelman syndrome for non-deletion subclasses and suggests that patients with uniparental

disomy have milder symptoms and higher BMI than the ones with other underlying genetic abnormalities.”
“Objective. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) laser and gaseous ozone in experimentally infected root canals.

Study design. Eighty single-rooted teeth with straight canals were selected. After preparation and sterilization, the specimens were inoculated with 10 mu L Enterococcus faecalis for 24 hours at 37 degrees C. The contaminated roots were divided into 2 experimental groups, 1 negative control group, and 1 positive control group of 20 teeth each: Group 1, KTP laser group; Group 2, gaseous ozone group; Group 3, sodium hypochlorite group (NaOCl) (negative control); and Group 4, saline group (positive control).

Moreover, minoxidil induced Axin2, Lef-1, and EP2 expression

Moreover, minoxidil induced Axin2, Lef-1, and EP2 expression.

Conclusion: Our results strongly suggest that minoxidil extends the anagen phase

by activating beta-catenin activity in the DPCs. (C) 2011 Japanese Society for Investigative Dermatology. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Objective. Computer-guided implant placement is a growing treatment modality in partially and totally edentulous patients, though data about the accuracy of some systems for computer-guided surgery is limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a laboratory computer-guided system.

Study design. A laboratory-based computer guiding system (M Guide; MIS technologies, Shlomi, Israel) was used to place implants in a fresh sheep mandible. A second computerized tomography (CT) scan was taken after placing the implants.

The drill plan figures ARS-1620 of the planned implants were positioned using assigned software (Med3D, Heidelberg, Germany) on the second CT scan to compare the implant position with the initial planning. Values representing the implant locations of the original drill plan were compared with that of the placed implants using SPSS software.

Results. Six measurements (3 vertical, 3 horizontal) were made on each implant to assess the deviation from the initial implant planning. A repeated-measurement analysis of variance was performed Dactolisib in vivo comparing the location of measurement (center, abutment, apex) and type of deviation (vertical vs. horizontal). The vertical deviation (mean -0.168) was significantly smaller than the horizontal deviation (mean 1.148).

Conclusion. The laboratory computer-based guiding system may be a viable treatment concept for placing implants. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010; 109: e6-e10)”
“P>Vernalization, the promotion of flowering in response to low temperatures, is one of the best characterized examples of

epigenetic regulation in plants. The promotion of flowering is proportional to the duration of the cold period, but the mechanism by which plants measure time at low temperatures has been a long-standing Trichostatin A supplier mystery. We show that the quantitative induction of the first gene in the Arabidopsis vernalization pathway, VERNALIZATION INSENSITIVE 3 (VIN3), is regulated by the components of Polycomb Response Complex 2, which trimethylates histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27me3). In differentiated animal cells, H3K27me3 is mostly associated with long-term gene repression, whereas, in pluripotent embyonic stem cells, many cell lineage-specific genes are inactive but exist in bivalent chromatin that carries both active (H3K4me3) and repressive (H3K27me3) marks on the same molecule. During differentiation, bivalent domains are generally resolved to an active or silent state. We found that H3K27me3 maintains VIN3 in a repressed state prior to cold exposure; this mark is not removed during VIN3 induction. Instead, active VIN3 is associated with bivalently marked chromatin.

Canes can help redistribute weight

from a lower extremity

Canes can help redistribute weight

from a lower extremity that is weak or painful, improve stability by increasing the base of support, and provide tactile information about the ground to improve balance. Crutches are useful for patients who need to use their arms for weight bearing and propulsion and not just for balance. Walkers improve stability in those with lower extremity weakness or poor balance and facilitate improved mobility by increasing the patient’s base of support and supporting the patient weight. Walkers require greater attentional demands than canes and make using stairs difficult. The top of a cane or walker should be the same height as the wrist crease when the patient is standing upright with arms relaxed at his or her sides. A cane should be held contralateral to a weak or painful lower extremity and advanced simultaneously with the contralateral leg. Clinicians should routinely evaluate their patients’ assistive E7080 chemical structure devices to ensure proper height, fit, and maintenance,

and also counsel patients on correct use of the device. (Am Fam Physician. 2011;84(4):405-411. Copyright (C) 2011 American Academy of Family Physicians.)”
“OBJECTIVES: To isolate the CD133+CD44+ cells from human tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) Tca8113 cell line and investigate biological characteristics of them.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunomagnetic microbeads were applied to sort the CD133+CD44+ cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect isolation purity. The proliferation, clone-formation efficiencies, invasion and migration, gene expressions, and tumor-formation abilities were analyzed PND-1186 mouse find more among CD133+CD44+, CD133-CD44- and total population of cells.

RESULTS: The average purities of CD133+ and CD44+ cells reached

97.3% and 98.7%, respectively. The proliferation of CD133+ CD44+ cells was significantly higher than the other two groups. The clone-forming efficiency of three groups was 70%, 8%, and 14%, respectively. The average invaded and migrated cell numbers of CD133+ CD44+ and total population cells were 132 and 36.2, 311.6, and 156.2, respectively. The expressions of Bcl2 and Sox2 in CD133+ CD44+ cells were significantly higher than those in total population cells. A total of 10 4 CD133+ CD44+ cells could form secondary tumors in nude mice, while the total population group needed 10 6 cells.

CONCLUSIONS: The CD133+ CD44+ subpopulation cells possess stem-like characteristics. They appear to be the potential targets for future biology therapy of human TSCC. Oral Diseases (2012) 18, 169-177″
“In the United States, more than 90 percent of prostate cancers are detected by serum prostate-specific antigen testing. Most patients are found to have localized prostate cancer, and most of these patients undergo surgery or radiotherapy. However, many patients have low-risk cancer and can follow an active surveillance protocol instead of undergoing invasive treatments.

Primary analysis outcome measures included patient age, gender, l

Primary analysis outcome measures included patient age, gender, location of the cyst, type, clinical presentation, and treatment. The records of 488 patients were available for analysis.

Results: Epidermoid cyst was the most frequent lesion (49%) followed by pilar cysts (27%), and dermoid cysts (22%). The site affected most frequently was the scalp (34%), predominantly with pilar cysts (96%). Epidermoid cyst was the most frequent lesion in the neck (68%), cheeks (77%), periauricular area (70%), and the nasal area (55%). Dermoid cyst was the most frequent lesion in the periorbital area (52%). Females represented

51% of the patients and males accounted for 49%. The peak of age distribution for patients with dermoid cysts was at the first decade, and both of epidermoid and selleck compound pilar cysts peaked at the third decade. Infection presented Selleck Linsitinib in 2.5% of cases. All cysts were enucleated surgically.

Conclusion: Maxillofacial surgeons often encounter cutaneous cysts of the head and neck, and they must be familiar with the clinicopathologic characteristics of these lesions. (c) 2009 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons”
“In animal models, single-gene mutations in genes involved in insulin/IGF and target of rapamycin signalling pathways extend lifespan to a considerable extent. The genetic, genomic and epigenetic influences on human longevity are expected to be much more complex.

Strikingly however, beneficial metabolic and cellular

features of long-lived families resemble those in animals for whom the lifespan is extended by applying genetic manipulation and, especially, dietary restriction. Candidate gene studies in humans support the notion that human orthologues from longevity genes identified in lower species do contribute to longevity but that the influence of the genetic variants involved is small. Here we discuss how an integration of novel study designs, labour-intensive bio-banking, deep phenotyping and genomic research may provide insights into the mechanisms selleck chemical that drive human longevity and healthy ageing, beyond the associations usually provided by molecular and genetic epidemiology. Although prospective studies of humans from the cradle to the grave have never been performed, it is feasible to extract life histories from different cohorts jointly covering the molecular changes that occur with age from early development all the way up to the age at death. By the integration of research in different study cohorts, and with research in animal models, biological research into human longevity is thus making considerable progress.”
“A 34 kDa serine protease, designated as hirtin, with fibrinolytic activity was purified to homogeneity from the latex of Euphorbia hirta by the combination of ion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The N-terminal sequence of hirtin was found to be YAVYIGLILETAA/NNE.

Conclusions: In the present study

of middle-aged patients

Conclusions: In the present study

of middle-aged patients, those Acalabrutinib datasheet with a torn discoid lateral meniscus had a higher prevalence of varus knee deformity and a higher prevalence of osteoarthritis. Knees with a discoid lateral meniscus that have diminished valgus alignment should be monitored carefully with long-term follow-up because a discoid lateral meniscus may increase the risk for progression to degenerative knee osteoarthritis.”
“The surface morphology of regenerated cellulose membranes prepared by casting cellulose/N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) and cuprammonium solutions onto a glass plate (denoted NMMO membrane and cuprammonium membrane, respectively) were studied by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The concentration of cellulose in the casting solution was 8 wt %. The SEM images of the surfaces of both membranes indicated that they had aggregate structures formed by cellulose

particles (10-150 nm in diameter). In the PCI-34051 mouse NMMO membrane, the glass-side surface was composed of larger particles and was rougher than the air-side surface. However, in the cuprammonium membrane there was little structural difference between air-side and glass-side surfaces. The AFM images showed that all surfaces were rough due to the cellulose particles. As for the NMMO membrane, the difference in the surface structure between the air-side and the glass-side was the same as observed by SEM. AFM also indicated that the order of the surface roughness was as follows: glass-side of NMMO membrane > air-side of NMMO membrane > air-side

of cuprammonium membrane congruent to glass-side of cuprammonium membrane. On the basis of these results observed for both membranes, the reason for the difference in the performances of NMMO and cuprammonium membranes is discussed from the viewpoint of surface structure. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 116: 3040-3046, 2010″
“Treatment of patients with acquired (autoimmune) myasthenia gravis should rely on evidence-based therapeutic choices, taking into account the individual’s needs according to disease severity (mild to severe), extent (ocular or generalized), comorbidities (including other autoimmune diseases, infections, thymoma, and pregnancy), GSK2126458 mouse age, iatrogenic factors (the risks and benefits of therapy), patient autonomy and quality of life, financial burden to the patient, and associated health care costs. Therapy is aimed at managing symptoms by improving neuromuscular junction transmission (cholinesterase inhibitors) and/or modifying the underlying immunopathogenetic cause of acquired myasthenia gravis via immunosuppression or immunomodulation. Myasthenic patients with operable thymoma should be referred for surgery and closely followed up for tumor recurrence.

2 +/- 0 2, P < 0 01) At the same time, 51 6% of patients were

2 +/- 0.2, P < 0.01). At the same time, 51.6% of patients were rated as clinical improvement at the end of study. Among these 31 cases, the most frequently reported adverse events were depression (12.9%), anxiety (9.7%), headache (9.7%) and insomnia (6.4%). ESRS scores were reduced during the treatment with long-acting risperidone. The mean decrease in serum prolactin and body

weight was 13.1 ng/ml and 4.5 kg, respectively. Intramuscular administration of long-acting risperidone was safe and well tolerated in adolescent patients. Long-acting risperidone also could improve the symptoms of schizophrenia in adolescent patients.”
“Curcuma species (Zingiberaceae) are used as both food and medicine in Asia. Ten sesquiterpenes (1-10) and two curcuminoids (11 and 12) were isolated from the rhizomes of Curcuma aromatica Salisb. and identified. The KU-57788 compounds were evaluated for their ability to inhibit cytochrome P450 (CYP). Among them, the sesquiterpene (4S,5S)-(+)-germacrone-4,5-epoxide (7) inhibited certain subtypes of CYP more potently than or at levels comparable to the curcuminoids curcumin (11) and demethoxycurcumin

(12); 7 (IC(50) = 1.0 +/- A 0.2 mu M) > 12 (IC(50) = 7.0 +/- A 1.7 mu M) > 11 (IC(50) = 14.9 +/- A 1.4 mu M) for CYP3A4 inhibition; 12 (IC(50) = 1.4 +/- A 0.2 mu M) > 11 (IC(50) = 6.0 +/- A 1.4 mu M) > 7 (IC(50) = 7.6 +/- A 2.5 mu M) for CYP2C9 inhibition; and 7 (IC(50) = 33.2 +/- A 3.6 mu M) = 12 (IC(50) = 34.0 +/- A 14.2 mu M) > 11 (IC(50) > 100 mu M) for CYP1A2 inhibition. These results suggest the possibility that Curcuma aromatica Salisb. may cause food-drug OSI-744 manufacturer interactions via cytochrome P450 inhibition by sesquiterpene 7 and curcuminoids 11 and 12.”
“This article reviews basic concepts, general applications, and the

potential impact of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies on genomics, with particular reference to currently available and possible future platforms PF-4708671 in vitro and bioinformatics. NGS technologies have demonstrated the capacity to sequence DNA at unprecedented speed, thereby enabling previously unimaginable scientific achievements and novel biological applications. But, the massive data produced by NGS also presents a significant challenge for data storage, analyses, and management solutions. Advanced bioinformatic tools are essential for the successful application of NGS technology. As evidenced throughout this review, NGS technologies will have a striking impact on genomic research and the entire biological field. With its ability to tackle the unsolved challenges unconquered by previous genomic technologies, NGS is likely to unravel the complexity of the human genome in terms of genetic variations, some of which may be confined to susceptible loci for some common human conditions. The impact of NGS technologies on genomics will be far reaching and likely change the field for years to come.

Summary

Exercise echocardiography has the advantages o

Summary

Exercise echocardiography has the advantages of its wide availability, low cost, and versatility for the assessment of mitral regurgitation severity. Furthermore, exercise echocardiography can help to unmask patients at a more advanced stage of the disease and could improve the management and the timing of surgery.”
“Surgical treatment of the cervico-thoracic junction (CTJ) in the spine require special evaluation due to the anatomical and biomechanical characteristics of this spinal section. The transitional ACP-196 price zone between the

mobile cervical and the relatively rigid thoracic spine can be the site of serious unstable traumas or neoplastic lesions. Frequently, injury is associated with neurological

impairment due to the small caliber of the spinal canal and/or spinal cord vascular insufficiency. The authors considered 33 neurologic lesions of the CTJ (21 traumas, 10 tumors, 2 infections) treated by means of decompression, fixation, and fusion by different type of instrumentation. Surgical procedure was posterior in 26 cases, anterior in 1 and combined in 6. Major general complications were not found in patients undergoing anterior approach. learn more Biomechanical failure was found in two patients operated by T1 body replacement and C7-T2 anterior plate. Serious cardio-respiratory

complications were related to 2 polytrauma patients who underwent posterior surgery. Follow-up evaluation showed spinal stability and fusion in 88% of cases, improvement of the neurological deficits in 42% (19% improved to ASIA E), no or only occasional pain in 75% of patients. In the experience, recovery of spinal realignment and stability is essential to avoid disability due to back pain in trauma patients. In spinal tumors, back pain was related to local recurrence. Neurological outcomes can be unsatisfactory due to the initial serious impairment. There is no type of instrumentation more effective than other. In each single lesion, the most suitable type of instrumentation should be Sepantronium molecular weight employed, considering morphology, biomechanics, and familiarity of the spinal surgeon with different implants and constructs. Therefore, we prefer to use posterior cervicothoracic fixation in T1 lesions with involvement of the vertebral body and subsequently replace the body with cage without anterior stabilization.”
“Magnetic resonance electrical property tomography (MREPT) is a new imaging modality to visualize a distribution of admittivity gamma = sigma + i omega epsilon inside the human body where sigma and denote electrical conductivity and permittivity, respectively.