Antioxidants ascorbate, folic acid, phenyl butyl nitrone, desferr

Antioxidants ascorbate, folic acid, phenyl butyl nitrone, desferrioxamine or Feralex-G were found to quench ROS and cPLA(2) and COX-2 gene induction to various degrees, and a synergism was observed when certain combinations of them were used. These findings support the idea that specific antioxidants and

metal ion chelators when used together can effectively and synergistically quench ROS-mediated induction of pathogenic gene expression.”
“This article describes disinfection of the same source water by two commonly used disinfection treatment scenarios for purposes of subsequent concentration, chemical analysis, and toxicological evaluation. Accompanying articles in this issue of the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental CP673451 in vitro Health describe concentration of these finished waters by reverse osmosis techniques, chemical characterization of the resulting disinfection by-product (DBP) concentrates, in vivo and in vitro toxicological results, and risk assessment methods developed to analyze data from this project. This project, called the “”Four Lab Study,”" involved participation of scientists from four laboratories/centers of the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development as well as extramural collaborators from find more the water industry and academia. One of

the two finished waters was prepared by conventional treatment and disinfected by chlorination. The other finished water was also prepared by conventional treatment and disinfected by ozonation followed by chlorination (ozonation/postchlorination). Chlorination conditions of dose, time and temperature were similar for both treatment scenarios, allowing for a comparison. Both finished waters had acceptably low levels of particulates and bacteria, ��-Nicotinamide representative pH and chlorine levels, and contained numerous DBP. Known effects of ozonation were observed in that,

relative to the water that was chlorinated only, the ozonated/postchlorinated water had lower concentrations of total organic halogen, trihalomethanes (THM), haloacetic acids (HAA), and higher concentrations of bromate, and aldehydes.”
“The present study systematically investigated the influence of a distractor on horizontal and vertical eye movements. Results showed that both horizontal and vertical eye movements deviated away from the distractor but these deviations were stronger for vertical than for horizontal movements. As trajectory deviations away from a distractor are generally attributed to inhibition applied to the distractor, this suggests that this deviation is not only due to differences in activity between the two collicular motor maps, but can also be evoked by local application of inhibitory processes in the same map as the target.

Although, all the characteristics of PD cannot be reproduced by a

Although, all the characteristics of PD cannot be reproduced by any single chemical, these data can be of help for understanding the role of pesticide exposure in human PD development. On the other hand farmers are exposed for days or weeks during several years to much lower doses than those used in experimental studies. Therefore, a firm conclusion on the role of pesticide exposure on the increased risk

of developing selleckchem PD cannot be drawn. However, it is suggested that close follow up of survivors of acute poisonings by these pesticides, or identification in epidemiological studies of such subjects or of those reporting episodes of accidentally high exposure will certainly provide information useful for the understanding of the relevance of actual human exposure to these pesticides in the development of PD. Also exposure to multiple pesticides, not necessarily at the same time, should be evaluated in epidemiological

studies, as suggested by the additive/synergistic effects observed in experimental studies. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Objective: The Damus-Kaye-Stansel operation sometimes results in deteriorating semilunar valve insufficiency. We verified the semilunar valve function after the Damus-Kaye-Stansel ��-Nicotinamide order operation and compared the end-to-side Damus-Kaye-Stansel with the double-barrel Damus-Kaye-Stansel.

Methods: Forty-seven patients who underwent the Damus-Kaye-Stansel operation between June 1993 and August 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Any patient Selleck MX69 who underwent a Norwood-type operation was excluded. The median age at operation was 19 months (range, 0-276 months). Forty-five patients were Fontan candidates. Thirty-nine patients underwent pulmonary artery banding before the Damus-Kaye-Stansel operation. Twenty-two patients had undergone an arch repair previously. The semilunar valve function was evaluated by echocardiography.

Results: Thirteen patients underwent the end-to-side Damus-Kaye-Stansel operation, and 34 patients underwent the double-barrel Damus-Kaye-Stansel operation. The mean follow-up period was 71 +/- 50 months (range, 1-188 months). Although there were 4 deaths, no death

was related to the Damus-Kaye-Stansel procedure. Two of the patients with early death could not undergo a postoperative evaluation of the semilunar valves. The semilunar valve regurgitation mildly deteriorated in 7 patients (pulmonary regurgitation in 5 patients and aortic regurgitation in 2 patients). Pulmonary regurgitation deteriorated from none to mild in 1 patient, none to trivial in 2 patients, and trivial to mild in 2 patients. Both deteriorations in aortic regurgitation ranged from none to trivial. Semilunar valve regurgitation did not affect patients’ circulatory condition. The end-to-side Damus-Kaye-Stansel operation more frequently caused a deterioration in pulmonary regurgitation than the double-barrel Damus-Kaye-Stansel operation (4/11 vs 1/34, P=.001).

Long-term studies are planned to assess the stability in this ani

Long-term studies are planned to assess the stability in this animal model.”

Biventricular assist device support with a paracorporeal pulsatile device is known to be an efficient bridge to recovery for patients with fulminant myocarditis-related cardiogenic shock. Whether these patients can be as efficiently supported with femorofemoral extracorporeal membrane oxygenation remains unclear.

Methods: From 2001 to 2006, 11 patients were referred to our cardiac surgery department for fulminant myocarditis-related cardiogenic shock. The first 5 patients (mean age, 32 +/- 2 years) were supported with a biventricular assist device (Thoratec, Pleasanton, Calif; group I), whereas the remaining patients ( 40 +/- 4 years) were supported with femorofemoral extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (group II). Preimplantation probability of death was calculated by using the APACHE find more II score, which was 11 +/- 9 in group I versus 24 +/- 18 in group II.

Results: One patient in each group died while receiving support. In group I the death occurred after 18 days of support

in a patient who had 45 minutes of external resuscitation before biventricular assist device implantation. In group II MCC950 solubility dmso a patient who remained unstable during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was switched to a biventricular assist device 13 days later and eventually died of tamponade after 45 days. All other patients were weaned from the device after a mean duration of support of 21 +/- 5 days in group I versus 13 +/- 4 days in group II. At hospital discharge, the mean ejection fraction was 45% +/- 5% in both groups, and at 6 months’ follow-up, it was 65% and 75%, respectively, in groups I and II.

Conclusion: In

our experience extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is as efficient as use of a biventricular assist device as a bridge to recovery for patients with fulminant myocarditis-related cardiogenic shock and facilitates Selleckchem BMS202 renal and hepatic recovery on support.”
“Objective: Currently, the safe human heart preservation time is limited to around 4 to 5 hours of cold ischemic storage. Longer arrest times can lead to donor heart damage, early graft dysfunction, and chronic rejection. The aim of this study was to examine a new nondepolarizing, normokalemic preservation solution with adenosine and lidocaine for as long as 6 hours of arrest at cold and warmer storage temperatures.

Methods: Isolated perfused rat hearts (n = 87) were switched from working to Langendorff (nonworking) mode and arrested at 37 degrees C with 200-mu mol/L adenosine and 500-mu mol/L lidocaine in Krebs-Henseleit buffer (10-mmol/L glucose, pH 7.7, 37 degrees C) or with Celsior (Sangstat Medical Corp, Fremont, CA).

An in silico docking study and competitive protein chip assay rev

An in silico docking study and competitive protein chip assay revealed that the SDV sequence of P11 is able to create a stable inhibitory complex onto the vitronectin-binding site of integrin alpha v beta 3. The Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-binding site recognition

by P 11 was site specific because the P 11 was inactive for the complex formation of a denatured form of integrin-vitronectin. P 11 showed a strong antagonism against alpha v beta 3-GRGDSP in teraction with an IC(50) value of 25.72 +/- 3.34 nM, whereas the value of GRGDSP peptide was 1968.73 +/- 444.32 nM. The binding-free energies calculated from the docking simulations for each P11 and RGD peptide were -3.99 and -3.10 kcal/mol, respectively. The free energy difference between P11 and RGD corresponds to approximately a 4.5-fold lower K(i) value for the P11 than the RGD peptide. The 4-Hydroxytamoxifen mw 5-Fluoracil in vitro binding orientation of the docked P11 was similar

to the crystal structure of the RGD in alpha v beta 3. The analyzed docked poses suggest that a divalent metal-ion coordination was a common driving force for the formation of both SDV/alpha v beta 3 and RGD/alpha v beta 3 complexes. This is the first report on the specific recognition of the RGD-binding site of alpha v beta 3 by a non-RGD containing peptide using a computer-assisted proteomic approach.”
“Introduction: In spite of recently approved B-RAF inhibitors and immunomodulating antibodies, metastatic melanoma has poor prognosis and novel treatments are needed. Melanoma stem cells (MSC) have been implicated in the resistance of this tumor to chemotherapy. Recently we demonstrated in a Phase I CB-839 supplier clinical trial in patients with metastatic melanoma that radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with 188-Rhenium(Re-188)-6D2 antibody to melanin was a safe and effective modality. Here we investigated the interaction of MSC with RIT as a possible mechanism for RIT efficacy.

Methods: Mice bearing A2058 melanoma xenografts were treated with either 1.5 mCi Re-188-6D2 antibody, saline, unlabeled 6D2 antibody or Re-188-labeled non-specific IgM.

Results: On Day 28 post-treatment the tumor size in

the RIT group was 4-times less than in controls (P<0.001). The tumors were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and FACS for two MSC markers – chemoresistance mediator ABCB5 and H3K4 demethylase JARID1B. There were no significant differences between RIT and control groups in percentage of ABCB5 or JARID1B-positive cells in the tumor population. Our results demonstrate that unlike chemotherapy, which kills tumor cells but leaves behind MSC leading to recurrence, RIT kills MSC at the same rate as the rest of tumor cells.

Conclusions: These results have two main implications for melanoma treatment and possibly other cancers. First, the susceptibility of ABCB5 + and JARID1B + cells to RIT in melanoma might be indicative of their susceptibility to antibody-targeted radiation in other cancers where they are present as well.

Among patients in eight highly affected states with known

Among patients in eight highly affected states with known TPCA-1 datasheet vaccination status, 63% overall and 84% between the ages of 18 and 24 years had received two doses of mumps vaccine. For the 12 years preceding the outbreak, national coverage of one-dose mumps vaccination among preschoolers was 89% or more nationwide and 86% or more in highly affected states. In 2006, the national

two-dose coverage among adolescents was 87%, the highest in U.S. history.

Conclusions: Despite a high coverage rate with two doses of mumps-containing vaccine, a large mumps outbreak occurred, characterized by two-dose vaccine failure, particularly among midwestern college-age adults who probably received the second dose as schoolchildren. A more effective mumps vaccine or changes in vaccine policy may be needed to avert future outbreaks and achieve the elimination of mumps.”
“Objectives: Safe and effective device closure of ventricular septal defects remains a challenge. We have developed a transcardiac

approach to close ventricular septal defects using a patch delivery and fixation system that can be secured under realtime three-dimensional echocardiographic guidance.

Methods: In Yorkshire pigs (n = 8) a coring device was introduced into the left ventricle through a purse- string suture placed on the left ventricular apex, and a muscular ventricular septal defect was created. The patch deployment device containing a 20mm polyester patch was advanced toward the ventricular septal defect selleck chemical through another purse- string suture on the left ventricular apex, and the patch was deployed under real-time three- dimensional echocardiographic guidance. The anchor delivery

device was then introduced into the left ventricle through the first purse- string suture. Nitinol anchors to attach the patch around the ventricular septal defect were deployed under real-time three- dimensional echocardiographic guidance. After patch attachment, residual shunts were sought by means of two-dimensional and three- dimensional color Doppler echocardiography. The heart was then excised, and the septum with the patch was inspected.

Results: tuclazepam A ventricular septal defect was created in the midventricular ( n = 4), anterior (n = 2), and apical ( n = 2) septum. The mean size was 9.8 mm ( 8.2-12.0 mm), as determined by means of two-dimensional color Doppler scanning. The ventricular septal defects were completely closed in 7 animals. In one a 2.4-mm residual shunt was identified. No anatomic structures were compromised.

Conclusions: Beating-heart perventricular muscular ventricular septal defect closure without cardiopulmonary bypass can be successfully achieved by using a catheterbased patch delivery and fixation system under real-time three- dimensional echocardiographic guidance. This approach might be a better alternative to cardiac surgery or transcatheter device closure.

Hearts from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated rats showed

Hearts from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated rats showed

no apparent variation in global protein S-nitrosylation, but this may be due to the poor sensitivity of the biotin-switch method. To sensitize our monitoring of protein S-nitrosylation we exposed buy CBL0137 isolated hearts to the efficient trans-nitrosylating agent nitrosocysteine (which generated a robust biotin-switch signal) and then identified a number of target proteins using mass spectrometry. We were then able to probe for these target proteins in affinity-capture preparations of S-nitrosylated proteins prepared from vehicle- or LPS-treated animals. Unexpectedly this showed a time-dependent loss in S-nitrosylation during sepsis, which we hypothesized, may be due to concomitant superoxide formation that may lower nitric oxide but simultaneously generate the tyrosine-nitrating agent peroxynitrite. Indeed, this was confirmed by immunoblotting for global tyrosine nitration, which increased time-dependently and temporally correlated with a decrease in mean arterial pressure. We assessed if tyrosine nitration was causative in lowering blood pressure using the putative peroxynitrite scavenger FeTPPS. However, FeTPPS was ineffective in reducing global protein nitration and actually exacerbated LPS-induced

hypotension. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“In this article, we introduce three 3D graphical representations this website second of DNA primary sequences, which we call RY-curve,

MK-curve and SW-curve, based on three classifications of the DNA bases. The advantages of our representations are that (i) these 3D curves are strictly non-degenerate and there is no loss of information when transferring a DNA sequence to its mathematical representation and (ii) the coordinates of every node on these 3D curves have clear biological implication. Two applications of these 3D curves are presented: (a) a simple formula is derived to calculate the content of the four bases (A, G, C and T) from the coordinates of nodes on the curves; and (b) a 12-component characteristic vector is constructed to compare similarity among DNA sequences from different species based on the geometrical centers of the 3D curves. As examples, we examine similarity among the coding sequences of the first exon of beta-globin gene from eleven species and validate similarity of cDNA sequences of beta-globin gene from eight species. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Induction and activation of nitric oxide (NO) synthases (NOS) and excessive production of NO are common features of almost all diseases associated with infection and acute or chronic inflammation, although the contribution of NO to the pathophysiology of these diseases is highly multifactorial and often still a matter of controversy.

The proportion of surgical resections performed from an endoscopi

The proportion of surgical resections performed from an endoscopic approach was higher in the DPE Onyx group, which may have affected the results.”
“The hypothalamic-pituitary system controls homeostasis during feed energy reduction.

In order to examine which pituitary proteins and hormone variants are potentially associated with metabolic adaptation, pituitary glands from ad libitum and energy restrictively fed dairy cows were characterized using RIA and 2-DE followed by MALDI-TOF-MS. We found 64 different spots of regulatory hormones: growth hormone (44), preprolactin (16), luteinizing hormone (LH) (1), thyrotropin (1), proopiomelanocortin (1) and its cleavage product lipotropin (1), but none of these did significantly differ between feeding groups. Quantification of total pituitary LH and prolactin concentrations

by RIA confirmed the results obtained by proteome analysis. CB-839 in vivo Also, feed energy restriction provoked increasing non-esterified fatty acid, decreasing prolactin, but unaltered glucose, LH and growth hormone plasma concentrations. Energy restriction decreased the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein, triosephosphate isomerase, purine-rich element-binding protein A and elongation factor Tu, whereas it increased expression of proline synthetase co-transcribed homolog, peroxiredoxin III, beta-tubulin and annexin A5 which is involved in the hormone secretion MTMR9 process. Our results indicate

that in response to feed energy restriction the pituitary reservoir QNZ cost of all posttranslationally modified hormone forms remains constant. Changing plasma hormone concentrations are likely attributed to a regulated releasing process from the gland into the blood.”
“Objective: The very long-term results of the double-orifice mitral valve repair are unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the late clinical and echocardiographic outcomes of this technique in patients with degenerative mitral regurgitation.

Methods: From 1993 to 2000, 174 patients with severe degenerative mitral regurgitation were treated with the double-orifice technique combined with ring annuloplasty. Mean age of patients was 52 +/- 12.8 years, New York Heart Association class I or II was present in 71% of the patients, atrial fibrillation in 17.2%, and preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction was 59.5% +/- 7.5%. Mitral regurgitation was due to anterior leaflet prolapse in 36 patients (20.6%), bileaflet prolapse in 128 (73.5%), and posterior leaflet prolapse in 10 patients (5.7%).

Results: There were no hospital deaths. At hospital discharge, mitral regurgitation was absent or mild in 169 patients (97.1%) and moderate (2+/4+) in 5 patients (2.8%). Mitral stenosis requiring reoperation was detected in 1 patient (0.6%). Clinical and echocardiographic follow-up was 97.1% complete (mean length, 11.5 +/- 2.53 years; median, 11.

In addition to their effects on osteoclasts, it is becoming incre

In addition to their effects on osteoclasts, it is becoming increasingly evident that BPs may have additional effects on the bone microenvironment and cells other than osteoclasts that may potentially inhibit the development and progression of MM. This review focuses on the pathophysiology of MM with an emphasis on the events that

drive MM progression within the bone and the EPZ004777 mechanisms by which BPs may inhibit specific processes. The underlying molecular mechanisms that drive the modulation of cellular fate and function and consequent physiological outcomes are described. Direct effects on myeloma cell growth and survival and the interactions between myeloma cells and the bone microenvironment are discussed. Clinical evidence of the antimyeloma effects of BPs is emerging and is also reviewed. Leukemia (2012) 26, 589-594; doi:10.1038/leu.2011.282; published online 18 October 2011″
“Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and other neurotrophins are believed to play an important role in affective disorders. In this study we investigated plasma-BDNF response during an incremental exercise test in 18 patients suffering from

moderate major depressive disorder (MDD) and 18 controls. The patients were not treated with antidepressants or neuroleptics. Possible associations between plasma plasma-BDNF levels, dexamethasone suppression test cortisol levels and Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) scores were also tested. Dehydrogenase inhibitor No difference in basal BDNF levels between patients and controls was found. BDNF increased significantly during exercise in both male and female patients as well as in male controls, with no significant differences selleck inhibitor between the groups. BDNF levels declined after exercise, but after 60 min of rest BDNF levels showed tendencies to increase again in male patients.

No correlation between BDNF and cortisol or MADRS scores was found. We conclude that unmedicated patients with moderate depression and normal activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis do not have a disturbed peripheral BDNF release during exercise. The BDNF increase 60 min after interruption of exercise in male patients might indicate up-regulated BDNF synthesis, but this needs to be further investigated in future studies. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is one of the most important complications of multiple myeloma (MM) treatment. PN can be caused by MM itself, either by the effects of the monoclonal protein or in the form of radiculopathy from direct compression, and particularly by certain therapies, including bortezomib, thalidomide, vinca alkaloids and cisplatin. Clinical evaluation has shown that up to 20% of MM patients have PN at diagnosis and as many as 75% may experience treatment-emergent PN during therapy.

Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of all patients who un

Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent RAS for treatment of renovascular hypertension (RVH) between 2001 and 2007 at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center. The primary, outcome measure was blood pressure improvement or cure as judged by American Heart Association criteria. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), number of antihypertensive medications, and survival were evaluated as secondary outcomes. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors associated with blood pressure improvement at the last follow-up.

Results: During the 6-year period, 129 patients (179 renal arteries) underwent

stent placement for RVH. Procedural complications occurred nine patients (7.0%). Average length follow-up was 1.5 Selleck Bucladesine years. Follow-up data were obtained in 122 patients (95%). At last follow-up, there were significant improvements in systolic blood pressure (161 vs 144 mm Hg, P<.001), diastolic blood pressure (80 vs 73 mm Hg, P<.001), and number of antihypertensive medications (3.1 vs 2.8, P=.034). The eGFR was improved in 16% of patients, stable in 60%, and worse in 24%. By multivariate analysis, a baseline eGFR <40 mL/min/1.73 m(2) (odds ratio, 1.6; 95% confidence interval TPCA-1 [CI], 1.0-2.9; P=.02) and female gender (OR, 1.3; 95% CI, 1.0-2.1; P=.04) were independent predictors of failure to achieve blood

old pressure improvement. By 2 and 4 years of follow-up, sustained blood pressure improvement was present in 67% of patients with a baseline eGFR of >= 40 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and in 31% of patients with a baseline eGFR <40 mL/min/1.73 m(2). During 2 years of follow-up, survival was similar between patients with sustained blood pressure response

and those without.

Conclusion: Patients treated for RVH who have a baseline eGFR of >= 40 mL/min/1.73 m(2) demonstrate a better response to RAS at each follow-up interval, with a significant difference at 2 to 4 years, compared with patients with an eGFR <40 mL/min/1.73 m(2). (J Vasc Surg 2010;51:380-5.)”
“Autism is a heterogeneous disorder involving complex mechanisms and systems occurring at diverse times. Because an individual child with autism may have only a subset of all possible abnormalities at a specific time, it may be challenging to identify beneficial effects of an intervention in double-blind, randomized, controlled trials, which compare the mean responses to treatments. Beneficial effects in a small subset of children may be obscured by the lack of effect in the majority. We review the evidence for several potential model systems of biochemical abnormalities that may contribute to the etiology of autism, we describe potential biomarkers or treatment targets for each of these abnormalities, and we provide illustrative treatment trials using this methodology.

An H333N mutation conferred resistance to both zinc and nickel, w

An H333N mutation conferred resistance to both zinc and nickel, with properties in keeping with the known pH-dependent chelation of these metals by histidine. Biochemical studies demonstrated that zinc strongly inhibits formation of the postfusion E1 trimer in wild-type SFV but not in an H333 mutant. Together our results suggest that zinc acts by blocking the fold-back of DIII via its interaction with H333.”
“Parkin is an ubiquitin-protein ligase (E3), mutations of which cause juvenile onset – autosomal recessive Parkinson’s disease,

and result in reduced enzymic activity. In contrast, increased levels are protective against mitochondrial dysfunction and neurodegeneration, the mechanism of which is largely unknown. In this study, 2-DE and MS proteomic techniques were utilised to investigate the effects of increased Parkin levels on protein expression check details in whole cell lysates using in an inducible Parkin expression system in HEK293 cells, and also to isolate potential interactants Z-VAD-FMK of Parkin using tandem affinity purification and

MS. Nine proteins were significantly differentially expressed (+/- 2-fold change; p < 0.05) using 2-DE analysis. M S revealed the identity of these proteins to be ACAT2, HNRNPK, HSPD1, PGK1, PRDX6, VCL, VIM, TPI1, and IMPDH2. The first seven of these were reduced in expression. Western blot analysis confirmed the reduction in one of these proteins (HNRNPK), and that its levels were dependent on 26S proteasomal activity. Tandem affinity purification/MS revealed 14 potential

interactants of Parkin; CKB, DBT, HSPD1, HSPA9, LRPPRC, NDUFS2, PRDX6, SLC25A5, TPI1, UCHL1, UQCRC1, VCL, YWHAZ, YWHAE. Nine of these are directly involved in mitochondrial energy metabolism and glycolysis; four were also identified in the 2-DE study (HSP60, PRDX6, TPI1, and VCL). This study provides further evidence for a role for Parkin in regulating mitochondrial activity within cells.”
“BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Most neuroendovascular interventions rely on a transfemoral approach to the intracranial circulation; however, this is sometimes not possible because of complex aortic arch anatomy or femoral arterial disease. Transradial Erlotinib solubility dmso arteriography and intervention are well established in interventional cardiology, and there have been some reports of successful neurointervention using this technique. The incidence of radial artery occlusion or other access site complications after transradial access is directly related to the outer diameter of the sheath used to access the artery. We describe a novel approach to neuroendovascular intervention using a 070 Neuron guide catheter to directly access the radial artery for complex cerebrovascular intervention.

CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We describe a technique to directly access the radial artery with a 070 Neuron catheter, without the need for a large 6-French sheath, for cerebrovascular interventions. Two successful cases are described in which this technique was used.